Early Education in the News
We know that the early years are the most important for learning. For the first time in history, approximately 30,000 CPS kindergarten students are attending school for a full day. And to make sure that all children start school ready to learn, 75 percent of 3- and 4-year-olds in Chicago whose families live below the poverty level now have access to quality preschool programs. We have committed the City of Chicago to achieving universal preschool access for all of its children in poverty.
If you want the best for your daughter, consider moving north. Where girls live in America matters to their overall comfort, health and prosperity, according to a report ranking every U.S. state and the District of Columbia. The latest in a series of reports on girls’ health and well-being by the Girl Scouts Research Institute shows that girls generally fare better in the Midwest, Northeast and mid-Atlantic.
“It has to do partly with strong education,” said Mark Mather, the report’s lead researcher and a demographer with the Population Reference Bureau, a research organization in Washington, D.C. . . . States that offer preschool education and have lower high school dropout rates almost always ranked higher. “It tells the story of the importance of education for girls,” Mather said. “A lot of states are moving towards universal preschool. Getting a good start makes a difference for low-income families.”
The debate over Mayor Greg Ballard’s preschool proposal comes down to one question: Do at-risk children have a better chance of succeeding in kindergarten if they have spent a year or two in a high-quality preschool?. . .
But to me, it all goes back to that fundamental question: Does a solid year in preschool give a child — a child who perhaps has not been given all of the advantages that many others receive — a better chance at succeeding when they walk into kindergarten. Because that is preschool’s most important job: to give kids a better chance of succeeding on Day One of a 13-year journey. Just as kindergarten’s most important job is to prepare students to succeed in first grade, and education’s ultimate goal is to prepare young people to succeed in life.
Mayor Bill Peduto has named a 20-member “Mayor’s Blue Ribbon Panel on Early Childhood Education” to try to help secure a federal grant for preschool education. In a news release, Mr. Peduto said, “Pittsburgh must keep developing as a city of learning — a city committed to exemplary education of its citizens from birth to career and from career to lifelong learning — and providing early childhood education is essential to that development.”
With less than two weeks before the public school year begins, the last-minute addition of more than 100 prekindergarten seats in a crowded Brooklyn district brought parents out in droves on Tuesday.
By midmorning, on the first of at least five days that children in District 15 could be entered in a lottery for the new slots, the auditorium at Public School 10 in South Slope was thrumming with the sounds of restless children and their anxious chaperones. And there were already about 90 names on the list for 126 seats.
With the official start of school on Sept. 4, it is up to Ms. Fariña, a 71-year-old grandmother who began her 49-year career as a teacher, to deliver on MayorBill de Blasio's promise to provide free full-day preschool for 53,000 children.
She also faces space shortages, a large group of children who arrive speaking little English and many schools with dismal achievement records. A report released Monday by StudentsFirstNY found 75 district schools where no child in an entire grade level passed a state test in math or language arts.
Despite challenges, Ms. Fariña expressed optimism in an interview about her plans for overseeing 1.1 million students. September "is the month when all is possible," she said.
Leaders from the U.S. Department of Education were in town Monday to discuss how children can learn more at a younger age. The conference, which took place at the Kauffman Foundation, was focused on closing the word gap.
Research shows that children in poor families hear about 30 million fewer words by the time they turn three, than similar kids from more well-to-do households. And that word gap often results in an achievement gap for those kids, both in school and throughout their lives.
A new summary of 12 years of study on North Carolina's pre-kindergarten plan for at-threat 4-year-olds shows that "dual-language learners" make the greatest academic progress in the plan. According to the report from the Frank Porter Graham Kid Development Institute (FPG), when students in NC Pre-K advance across all spheres of studying, the plan is especially beneficial for the state's dual-language learners.
Daycare has been pretty educational from the start. But this is pre-K, a construct that seems like a magic potion for success. Studies show that regular, high-quality preschool — with low teacher-to-child ratios and thoughtful curriculum — make children more likely to graduate from high school and go to college, own a home and stay out of prison. Preschool-prepared children score higher on standardized tests and earn higher average salaries.
It doesn’t matter, with Kansas City pushing a citywide campaign, whether the financing cavalry of federal grants, state funding or local levies is coming. Families and communities need to help children overcome the word deficit described by researchers Betty Hart and Todd Risley as the “30 million word gap.” That’s the cumulative difference in the number of words children hear in typical lower-income homes compared with the number typically heard in more-affluent homes. . .
The district took in about 500 4-year-olds the first day and is expecting to get close to 600 when enrollment fills out in the next couple of weeks. Kansas City Public Schools, while still working with many partners on how to get the community to universal pre-K, is expanding from 866 to about 1,200 children in its programs this year, racing its own construction deadlines to open a second center, said Jerry Kitzi, director of early education.
The importance of education is indisputable. The problem is that the international community's credibility in promising universal education has been compromised; it has pledged to achieve this goal in at least 12 UN-sponsored declarations since 1950. For example, UNESCO promised in 1961 that, by 1980, primary education in Africa would be "universal, compulsory, and free." Yet, when the time came, about half of primary-school-aged children in Africa were still not attending school. As the economist George Psacharopoulos recommended in a recent paper, the highest priority should be what works best: early education, especially preschool. The most obvious reasons why earlier education makes for a better starting point is that people are most receptive to knowledge when they are young. Moreover, at younger ages, there are fewer cultural barriers to education for girls, and there is less pressure for children to contribute labor. Finally, preschool education is less expensive to deliver than higher-level schooling.
“Kindergarten today is what first grade was a few years ago,” said Karen Paciorek, early childhood professor at Eastern Michigan University and former elementary school teacher. Expectations for kindergartners have increased in the past decade as the state moved toward the implementation of the Common Core State Standards and more children came into kindergarten with more knowledge from preschool, Paciorek said. In 2012, the state mandated schools make the move to full-day kindergarten starting in the 2013-14 school year if they hadn’t already. Schools that did not make the change would lose half of their per-pupil funding for each kindergartner. More time at school meant more time for learning.
Tots don’t vote — but increasingly, pols are looking to them to score points with voters. Democrats including President Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton have embraced pre-K in their platforms for years. Now, Republicans are getting on board, in conservative Southern states like Georgia and Alabama, Midwestern right-to-work states Michigan and Indiana, and in some instances on Capitol Hill. Some Republicans who have rejected taking federal dollars for Medicaid expansion are comfortable vying for federal pre-K money.
The citywide drive to place more children in quality preschools has made a few tangible gains since spring – adding a director, picking two lead agencies to guide some efforts and offering preschool to 235 more children. RE4CLE's broader goal is to make quality pre-school available to at least 70 percent of the city's 5,400 four-year-olds, as well as a similar amount of three-year-olds. As of last spring, research by the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at Case Western Reserve University, a partner in the task force, showed that only about 1,200 attended a quality pre-school program.
The First Things First Early Childhood Summit at the Phoenix Convention Center on Monday and Tuesday attracted about 1,200 professionals and community members involved in early childhood education and health. . .
The article of July 22 “West Virginia ranked low for preschool access,” relies on rankings by the Kids Count Data Center that fail to recognize all the facts about early childhood education in West Virginia. It is incredibly unfair to all those hard-working people who built our pre-K program to cite rankings in a way that implies their work has been anything less than a huge success. We owe it to them to convey the whole story and the true state of preschool in West Virginia. Thanks to the efforts of Gov. Tomblin and the Legislature in 2013, next year West Virginia will be one of a handful of states that meets all 10 quality standards established by the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER). By state law, West Virginia’s universal pre-K program can enroll very few 3-year-olds, only those with federal individual education plans. This is true for most states, and, according to NIEER, West Virginia outpaces the majority, ranking eighth in the nation for participation of 3-year-olds.
Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) called on Congress to increase the childcare tax credit.
“Making child care affordable isn’t just about helping New Hampshire families make ends meet, but it’s about strengthening our economy too,” Shaheen said Wednesday. “My plan to update the child care tax credit is something working families and our economy really need and I hope we can act on it soon.”
In a series of studies published in the journals Development and Psychopathology, and the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, researchers led by Isaac Petersen, a doctoral candidate in child clinical neuropsychology at the Cognitive Development Lab at the University of Indiana, Bloomington, tracked children's language development from preschool through the early teen-age years, comparing language skills with behavior issues rated by parents and teachers, as well as the students' performance on impulse-control tests.
After controlling for students' sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, prior levels of behavior problems, and academic performance in mathematics, reading, and short-term memory, Petersen found students' language skills predicted their later behavior problems more strongly than behavior problems predicted later language skills.
State superintendent Glenda Ritz says Indiana will apply for a federal grant that would help establish infrastructure to create high quality preschool for all children throughout the state. Ritz spoke about the grant opportunity Tuesday during her opening remarks at the Indiana Department of Education sponsored Early Learning Summit, which gathered early educators and IDOE staff to look at the major issues facing those who teach children from birth to third grade.
Monique Hurtado found a preschool course for her child on the Internet. For years, websites have offered free preschool handouts or activity guides. Now, parents can get an entire preschool curriculum from a computer. . .
It's a sign of where early education may be headed in these times of high preschool costs and long wait lists. Some experts, however, think limited and targeted screen time can be positive for young brain development. Dr. Gary Small is the author of "iBrain" and a professor of psychiatry at UCLA. His work looks at the effect of digital devices on the brain. He found computer and device use “allows us to exercise our brains” - even for little children.