Early Education in the News

89.3 KPCC
April 20, 2016

A new report estimates that the economic toll on Los Angeles County from the loss of funding for thousands of preschool seats later this year will be almost $600 million annually. Funding for nearly 11,000 preschool seats is going to run out in June when Los Angeles Universal Preschool (LAUP) loses its backing from the public early years agency First 5 L.A. But the report, by the independent research organization the Institute for Child Success, looked at the impact beyond lost educational opportunities. “The cost of cutting high quality pre-K in Los Angeles county will exceed the program dollars saved,” said ICS executive vice president Joe Waters.

LAUP currently spends $59.1 million on preschool contracts that fund 11,000 seats. After the First 5 LA funding expires, LAUP's budget will drop from $93.5 million to $29.9 million. . . “By 2020, two-thirds of U.S. jobs will require at least some post-secondary education," the report states. "But, at present, only 19 percent of L.A. County 11th graders are ready for English coursework at a California state college and only 13 percent are prepared for college coursework in math.” Without preschool, children may be even less successful in school leading to a future of low paying jobs, which also impacts economic activity and productivity.

Star Tribune
April 20, 2016

During the next few weeks the Minnesota House and Senate will hear from both parents and children’s groups urging support for a successful effort to ensure that more young children start school “ready to learn.” First instituted in 2007, that effort brought what’s known as a Quality Rating System (QRS) to child care and preschool programs — enabling parents to select programs that offer the nurturing and high-quality teaching their children deserve. High-quality child care and early-learning programs are a vital first step toward solving these challenges. Study after study shows that participation in quality preschool can lead to a range of positive outcomes, including fewer behavior problems, improved school readiness, reduced special education, and academic benefits that may last well into elementary school, high school and beyond. This research is based on state programs similar to those offered here in Minnesota, and on two studies that followed children who participated in quality programs in Michigan and Illinois and found that they were far less apt than nonparticipants to become involved in crime and more likely to graduate from high school.

For these reasons and more, Minnesota’s law enforcement and retired military leaders are longtime advocates for quality early-childhood experiences. Right now, our efforts are focused on sustaining the QRS system, because it can lead to better outcomes for children while also helping providers to boost the quality of their programs.

April 19, 2016
Child care is an incredibly common expense for American families. According to a 2015 report published by ChildCare Aware of America, an advocacy group supporting access to high-quality child care, 11 million children under the age of 5 are in child care for an average of 36 hours per week in the United States. Though the arrangement can vary from in-home care to the aid of grandparents and neighbors, 35 percent of children receive center-based care at child care centers, preschools and Head Start programs. 
The team at Credio wanted to see how child care costs vary for families in every U.S. state. To do this, Credio analyzed data from ChildCare Aware of America's "Parents and the High Cost of Child Care" report -- which details the cost of full-time child care in centers -- along with 2014 median household income from the U.S. Census Bureau, which includes income generated by all members of a household.
Depending on the state, the percentage of median household income spent on child care for two children annually ranged greatly, from below 20 percent to north of 45 percent. Credio ranked the 50 U.S. states by this metric, and included the percent of median household income for one child, the average cost of care for two children, as well as the cost of one, as well as median household income for each state.
Yahoo! Finance
April 19, 2016
In more than half of the United States (33 states and Washington, D.C.), paying for child care is more expensive than college tuition.
That’s right. Depending on where you live, it’s cheaper to send a young adult to college than it is to send a 4-year-old to day care (or preschool).
The Economic Policy Institute recently released data about the cost of child care in the United States. The left-leaning think tank found that child care costs vary across regions and family types, accounting for the greatest variability in family budgets.
The Department of Health and Human Services considers child care affordable if it eats up less than 10 percent or less of a family’s income. According to the EPI, just two states — South Dakota and Wyoming — provide “affordable” child care for infants. Overall, in 40 U.S. states, the average child care expense for a family of four exceeds the 10 percent threshold.
Real Clear Markets
April 19, 2016
In this tumultuous election year one wonders whether reasoned debate about education or other policies is still possible. That said, research has a role to play in helping policymakers make good decisions - if not before than after they are in office. So what do we know about the ability of early education to change children's lives? At the moment, scholars are divided. One camp argues that pre-k doesn't work, suggesting that it would be a mistake to expand it. Another camp believes that it is one of the most cost-effective things we could do to improve children's lifetime prospects, especially if they come from disadvantaged homes.
The pre-k advocates cite several earlier demonstrations, such as the Perry Preschool and Abecedarian programs. These have been rigorously evaluated and found to improve children's long-term success, including less use of special education, increases in high school graduation, reduced crime, and higher earnings. Participants in the Abecedarian program, for example, earned 60 percent more than controls by age 30. Mothers benefit as well since more of them are able to work. The Abecedarian project increased maternal earnings by $90,000 over the course of the mother's career. Finally, by reducing crime, improving health, and decreasing the need for government assistance, these programs also reduce the burden on taxpayers. According to one estimate, the programs even increase GDP to the tune of $30 to $80 billion (in 2015 dollars) once the children have moved into and through their working lives. A careful summary of all this research can be found in this year's Economic Report of the President. The Report notes, and I would emphasize, that no one study can do justice to this issue, and not every program has been successful, but the weight of the evidence points strongly to the overall success of high-quality programs. This includes not just the small, very intensive model programs, but importantly the large, publically-funded pre-school programs such as those in Boston, Tulsa, Georgia, North Carolina, and New Jersey. Some estimates put the ratio of benefits to costs at $7 to $1. Very few investments promise such a large return. Pre-k advocates admit that any gains in IQ may fade but that boosts to nonacademic skills such as self-control, motivation, and planning have long-term effects that have been documented in studies of siblings exposed to differing amounts of early education.
89.3 KPCC
April 18, 2016

Quality preschool is often cited as the critical ingredient for children to be ready for kindergarten, but for impoverished children, the challenges go beyond just the lack of access to early education. But activating philanthropy to work in collaboration with social service providers can help more fully address children's needs before they start preschool, researchers attending a conference at the University of Southern California said Wednesday. . .

Painter said for kids to learn, they have to be healthy, something that is taken for granted in more well-off neighborhoods. But for poor kids, education is often seen as the single magic-bullet when in fact they need more. “It’s not just a school intervention; it’s not just universal preschool intervention,” Painter said. “It starts in terms of reducing the amount of low birth [weight] babies. That means that mothers in poor neighborhoods need to have access to the proper services so that their babies are healthy.”

April 18, 2016

Florida education officials want to take a “pause” this fall in providing ratings for the state’s free Voluntary Pre-kindergarten (VPK) program. They’d like to skip out on this responsibility next year, as well. Good. Let them. They tried replacing a so-so ratings system with a more expansive, computer-based one in 2014, and the technology blew up in their faces. They tried, and failed, again last fall. This is sad news for parents of 4-year-olds trying to find the best option for their preschooler. But no ratings are better than bad ratings. Because if the state can’t reliably say which preschools properly preparing their kids for kindergarten, then these parents are better off seeking help elsewhere. . . 

All the more disappointing that the state has dropped the ball on assessing providers. The readiness ratings were intended to address quality. Parents could go online to find a preschool’s score. The readiness ratings were calculated using two types of evaluations within 30 days of preschoolers arriving in kindergarten. Again, not perfect. But a necessary tool given Florida’s approach to measuring that quality — allowing parents to choose what quality looks like and what preschool is best for them. But as Steve Barnett, director of the National Institute for Early Education Research, told Isger, “So, if you don’t give parents that feedback, then you really don’t have anything.”

The Pitt News
April 15, 2016

Mayor Bill Peduto wants to give every child in Pittsburgh access to pre-K education.

“If I had a magic wand and I could give one thing to the city right now, it would be pre-K education for every child, so that by the time they start kindergarten, they all start along together,” Peduto said Thursday morning as he introduced a presentation on early childhood development from Pitt researchers.

Alongside Peduto and Pitt’s Senior Vice Chancellor for Engagement Kathy Humphrey, a panel of four Pitt researchers and community leaders spoke in the Connolly Ballroom on Thursday morning about the importance of discussing race with young children. Pitt’s Office of Child Development, Center for Urban Education and Supporting Early Education and Development lab sponsored the researchers’ report, called “Understanding PRIDE in Pittsburgh: Positive Racial Identity Development in Early Education in Pittsburgh.”

The report, which the School of Education published in late March, showed that messages regarding race often impact children by the time they’re 3 years old.



My San Antonio
April 14, 2016

During the election season, politicians highlight the differences between parties. It is hard to think of two politicos more different than Julián Castro, secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and Gov. Greg Abbott. One works in the Obama administration, while the other repeatedly sued the same administration. But they have one thing in common: Both have attached their political fortunes to our state’s youngest learners.

Castro and Abbott are the grandfathers of a statewide movement to expand access to quality pre-kindergarten. As mayor of San Antonio, Castro made expansion of quality pre-kindergarten a priority. In the last session of the Legislature, Abbott made quality pre-kindergarten his top legislative priority despite fierce resistance from the tea party wing of the Republican Party. Pre-kindergarten is not liberal or conservative. Pre-kindergarten is just smart business.

Commitment to early childhood does not begin and end with pre-kindergarten. Texas spends hundreds of millions annually to support early childhood programs at the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC). These efforts have almost no coordination.

April 14, 2016

Reading, writing, and math are just some of the subjects kids at Kinder Care learn about every day, but there is something else they learn that is not in a school book.

"It's not just about educating the children academically. We have so many kids that don't know how to get along with others. They come into the program. We teach them how to get along with others," said Teacher Katrina Saverin.

Last year, the state cut five slots from Kinder Care. Saverin said the school and the community can't afford to lose anymore.

"If they don't have those life skills and the budget is cut, then we have five kids that could be on the streets doing drugs, robbing, raping, killing," explained Saverin. "So, it's important to keep this program, so that we can meet those needs early."

Great Falls Tribune
April 14, 2016

Kindergarten isn’t just singing and games anymore.

While the qualification to enter school is the same – being 5 years old as of Sept. 10 – today’s kindergartners spend their days learning letters, reading their first books, counting, following multistep instructions, developing problem-solving skills and much more.

Many can’t sit still, stand in line or don’t know how to interact with other kids.

“If they can’t master those skills, then they struggle,” Family Connections’ Lori Ekhart said. “It’s challenging for a teacher with 20 students to have even a few students who aren’t prepared. It takes her time away from other students.”

U.S. News & World Report
April 14, 2016

People following news about pre-K may be experiencing a similar sense of whiplash. Earlier this month, the Center for American Progress published a report, written by researchers from the National Institute for Early Education Research, that analyzed data from high-quality pre-K programs and concluded that participation in quality pre-K could virtually close the achievement gap for black and Hispanic students in reading and halve it in math.

This week, however, the American Enterprise Institute synthesized research on 10 early childhood programs and concluded we don't know whether pre-K works at all. Do these conflicting findings just reflect the polarized ideological positions of their respective institutions? It's enough to make an observer throw up one's hands and just eat a donut.

Yet when we put these conflicting analyses in the context of the lived experience of early childhood providers and children as they currently exist in the United States, the confusion falls away and it all makes sense.

April 14, 2016

California should fundamentally refashion the way it attends to its youngest residents by offering access to high-quality childcare and education for all children aged 5 and younger within five years, and by instituting a range of child- and parent-friendly reforms in the workplace, a commission of business and policy leaders, academics and former elected officials said in a report released Wednesday. “This is a clarion call to action,” Right Start Commission member and former state Senate leader Darrell Steinberg said about the report, which recommended the state consolidate its 18 early childcare and education programs, which it said are governed by 11 separate agencies. . .

The report envisions the state fully supporting children’s health through expanded childcare, preschool and transitional kindergarten, and better medical care achieved through increased Medi-Cal reimbursements and fixing an Affordable Care Act loophole that leaves 73,000 children without affordable health care, though it doesn’t say how that fix would be done. It characterizes its recommendations in transformative terms.

89.3 KPCC
April 14, 2016

There is bipartisan agreement that the state's early childhood system is broken. Gov. Jerry Brown has proposed overhauling it, but his proposal doesn't have the support of experts and leaders in the field. Now two new reports reinforce the myriad of problems with the current system and present alternative suggestions for improving the lot of children under the age of five.

A new analysis from the Economic Policy Institute finds the high cost of child care to be a significant reason why families with small children nationwide are not feeling the bounties of the economic recovery. According to the report, two major economic issues – income inequality and a slowdown in the growth of productivity – would both benefit from investments in the early childhood field. “American productivity would improve with a better-educated and healthier future workforce,” the report states. “Inequality would be immediately reduced as resources to provide quality child care are progressively made available to families with children.” In arriving at these findings, the report authors looked at the costs that make up a basic family budget nationwide: rent, healthcare, food, etc. Child care was a significant cost in many states, including California.

The Edvocate
April 13, 2016

If you’re a parent, you know how debilitating the cost of child care can be on your wallet. From weekly tuition costs that may rise with little notice to other expenses like gas, food, and doctor visits that add to the weekly expenditure, paying for your child’s care while your working may seem like more trouble than its worth at times.

A new study by the Committee for Economic Development underscores the point of how burdensome child care costs are for American families. According to the study, “childcare costs consume an average of 7.2% of household income for those with children in paid care” and “parents with children in paid child care pay an average of $143 per week ($7,436 per 52-week year) for child care services.” That’s just the national average. In other states, the costs are higher. . . 

Simply put: if more families had a better connection to healthy, organized child care centers with potential aid from the state, we would see production increase at work and a bump to our economy. This study also proves the point of having universal preschool for all children nationwide. While the federal government would foot the bill to create the program, doing so would, again, help grow this nation’s economy.

Los Angeles Times
April 13, 2016

Three billion dollars may sound like a lot of money to spend on preschool -- but maybe it isn't enough. That's what a group of advocates, former policymakers, researchers and business executives is saying in its push to remake the state's early childhood education landscape. The $3-billion figure is an estimate of the state and federal dollars that California spends on preschool and childcare each year -- but the group of 12, called the Right Start Commission, is calling for the state to increase that expenditure by at least $5 billion each year.

The goal is to get every 4-year-old in the state into a good, free preschool, and to enable every family to send its younger children to an affordable daycare on a sliding pay scale based on family income. Common Sense Kids Action, an arm of the nonprofit advocacy group Common Sense Media, convened the commission. Common Sense made its name vetting television content for children. On Wednesday, the commission is releasing a report that calls for universal childcare and preschool, as well as the creation of a single online portal where parents can access childcare options, instead of navigating the confusing maze of providers. According to the report, there are now at least 18 public programs administered by at least 11 governmental departments for kids 5 and younger.  

89.3 KPCC
April 13, 2016

Gov. Jerry Brown's proposal to overhaul the state's early learning system by consolidating all of the state's programs into one large block grant was roundly criticized in Sacramento on Tuesday. Speaking before the Assembly's budget subcommittee on education finance, committee members and prominent advocates spoke out against what they argued is a rushed and confused policy proposal. The governor's block grant proposal, which was included as part of his larger budget plan released in January, adds no new early childhood funds but instead consolidates all of the state's current early education options, eliminates the transitional kindergarten (TK) program and creates a voucher system for subsidized childcare.

Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell, chair of the education subcommittee, was adamant that major changes to the early learning system should be debated as policy changes, not in budgetary negotiations. “This needs to have some comprehensive policy overview, we shouldn’t just tuck it into a budget and let it fly,” O’Donnell said during the hearing. O'Donnell also criticized the idea to eliminate the state’s newest preschool grade for 4-year-olds, transitional kindergarten, which early education advocates long fought to create. “We just started transitional kindergarten and now it looks like we’re ready to blow it up,” O’Donnell said.

April 12, 2016

What would happen if the United States established a universal, high-quality pre-K program for all four-year-olds? While the establishment of such a program would be a massive undertaking and is unlikely to become an immediate reality, it’s worth engaging in this sort of thought experiment in an effort to understand the effects such a nationwide program might have. In a new report commissioned by the Center for American Progress, researchers at the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) seek to discern the effects that a high-quality, nationwide pre-K program for four-year-olds would have on the country’s youngest learners.

Business Insider
April 12, 2016

Day care is expensive. In fact, educating your preschooler may be pricier than sending your teenager to college. "In nearly half the country, it's now more expensive to educate a 4-year-old in preschool than an 18-year-old in college," Eric Morath at the Wall Street Journal reports.The cost of child care outpaces the cost of a four-year college education in 23 states. The data comes from a new report from the Economic Policy Institute (EPI).

The cost of full-time day care or preschool is most expensive in Massachusetts — $12,781 annually, about 20% more than the average in-state college tuition of $10,702. The largest discrepancy is in Florida, where child care is 73% more expensive than college. "High-quality child care is out of reach for many American families — not just those with low incomes," the EPI reports. "Child care costs are one of the most significant expenses in a family’s budget, largely because child care and early education is a labor-intensive industry, requiring a low student-to-teacher ratio."

April 11, 2016

For the second year in a row, the state will not be rating the 6,220 preschools collecting cash through Florida’s Voluntary Prekindergarten program. And lawmakers have dictated that scores won’t be calculated for next year either. Ever since Florida lawmakers saw fit to invest millions to cover the cost of prekindergarten for the state’s 4-year-olds more than a decade ago, they also required those schools, most of them private, to be rated based on how well their students were prepared once they got to kindergarten. But that rating system was derailed in the fall of 2014 by a new computer-based test. A resolution to end-run that one test and rely solely on another measure also failed this fall when educators and legislators alike agreed the results were too rosy to be true. “The children were now miraculously more ready for kindergarten,” the director of an early learning coalition in Escambia County was quoted as saying after seeing a statewide pass rate that went from 75 percent of providers to better than 95 percent. . .

Some states measure quality by demanding certain standards be met in the classroom – certified teachers, only state-approved curriculum, etc. – the Sunshine State allows parents to choose what quality looks like, explained Steve Barnett, director of the National Institute for Early Education Research. For years parents could go online to find a preschool’s score. The readiness ratings were calculated using two types of evaluations within 30 days of preschoolers arriving in kindergarten. “So if you don’t give parents that feedback, then you really don’t have anything,” Barnett said.